Bone Fractures - The Under-recognized Diabetes Complication

Bone Fractures - The Under-recognized Diabetes Complication 

Bone Fractures - The Under-recognized Diabetes Complication
Bone Fractures - The Under-recognized Diabetes Complication
Bone Fractures - The Under-recognized Diabetes Complication

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Type 2 diabetes patients have been found to have high bone mineral density but still see an increased risk of bone fractures1. The use of diabetes medication can also contribute to an increased risk of falls and fractures2. From this article, find out more about how diabetes affects the health of your bones and get tips on how you can better support bone health!

Here are some tips on how you can better support bone health to reduce the risk of fractures:

1. Consume a well-balanced diet rich in calcium and vitamin D.

A diet rich in calcium and vitamin D is important for building strong and healthy bones. Eating a variety of foods and adding on nutrition supplements can help you attain your daily calcium and Vitamin D requirements3

Calcium: Calcium plays many critical roles in your body, and an adequate intake of calcium is required to build strong bones. The recommended daily allowance set by the Health Promotion Board is between 800 mg to 1000 mg for adults4.

Good sources of calcium include dairy foods (milk, yogurt, cheese), fish with edible bones (sardines anchovies), tofu made with calcium salts, lentils, green leafy vegetables, and calcium-fortified food such as bread, biscuits and soybean milk.

Vitamin D: Vitamin D is also essential to support strong bones as it is needed for calcium absorption. The recommended daily allowance set by the US Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board is between 15 mcg to 20 mcg for adults5.

Food sources of vitamin D include eggs, liver, oily fish (salmon, sardine, mackerel) and fortified food products such as selected brands of milk, soymilk, yogurt, orange juice, ready-to-eat cereals and margarine6. Adequate exposure to the sun helps in the production of vitamin D too3.

 

2. Engage in regular exercise 

Regular exercise is important for people with diabetes as it helps improve insulin sensitivity, which may help lower blood glucose levels. Additionally, it can also benefit you by helping to prevent bone loss, enhancing balance and flexibility and reducing the likelihood of falling. Ideal exercises for your bones are weight-bearing and resistance exercises. Weight-bearing exercises include walking, stair climbing, and dancing, while resistance exercises include lifting weights7.

 

 

3. Adopt a healthier lifestyle6

Eliminating bad habits like smoking and alcohol consumption from your lifestyle can benefit your bones. Studies have found that people who smoke may absorb less calcium from their diets, while heavy drinkers are more prone to bone loss and fracture because of poor nutrition and an increased risk of falling.

Consult your healthcare professionals on how calcium and Vitamin D supplements may benefit you with your diabetes management plan!

1 Diabetes and Fractures — An overshadowed association. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2009 Dec; 16(6): 435–445. doi: 10.1097/MED.0b013e328331c7eb

2 Moayeri, Ardeshir et al. “Fracture risk in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus and possible risk factors: a systematic review and meta-analysis.” Therapeutics and clinical risk management vol. 13 455-468. 11 Apr. 2017, doi:10.2147/TCRM.S131945 

3 HPB Health Hub- Daily Calcium Intake - For Greater Bone Strength Website: https://www.healthhub.sg/live-healthy/518/Calcium%20-%20For%20Greater%20Bone%20Strength

4 HPB Health Hub- Recommended Dietary Allowances. Website:https://www.healthhub.sg/live-healthy/192/recommended_dietary_allowances

5 NIH Vitamin D- Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. Website:https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminD-HealthProfessional/ 

6 Vitamin D: Recommended Dietary Allowances, Food Sources, and Side Effects https://www.healthxchange.sg/food-nutrition/supplements/vitamin-d-recommended-dietary-allowances-food-sources-side-effects

7 NIH Osteoporosis and Related Bone Diseases National Resource Center - What People With Diabetes Need To Know About Osteoporosis Website: https://www.bones.nih.gov/health-info/bone/osteoporosis/conditions-behaviors/diabetes

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How can Glucerna® support your
diabetes management plan?

Glucerna® Vanilla Flavor

Glucerna® is the number 1 selling diabetes nutritional supplement in the Philippines*. It contains 35 nutrients, slow-release carbohydrates and 4x more inositol vs previous formulation, that delivers a dual action for tight blood sugar control.

* NielsenIQ Retail Index, Dietetics-Adult Segment-Diabetes Subsegment, July 2020 – June 2021