7 Rules Every Person With Diabetes Needs To Follow

7 Rules Every Person With Diabetes Needs To Follow​


Worried about your fluctuating levels of blood sugar? Well, don’t be. Here are 7 pointers on how you can gain control over your sugar levels and stay healthy even with a diabetic condition.​

Check your blood sugar levels regularly​

For a diabetic patient, it is the blood sugar levels which reveal whether he/she has either high amounts of blood sugar or low blood sugar levels in the blood.1 The best way to check your blood sugar levels at regular intervals is to have a glucometer at hand.2​

Be regular with your medication​

Adherence to the prescribed medication at the recommended amount and schedule is important for having good diabetic control.3 Missing medication can increase your risk of suffering from several diabetes-related health complications.4​

Look after your kidneys​

One of the most serious consequences of diabetes is renal or kidney failure. Another common complication is chronic kidney disease (CKD).5 The best thing you can do for your kidneys is to eat right and drink plenty of water.6,7

Control your cholesterol levels​

Diabetes tends to lower "good" cholesterol levels and raise "bad" cholesterol levels, which increases the risk of heart disease and stroke. High cholesterol also leads to a common complication of diabetes known as diabetic dyslipidaemia which may result in clogged arteries and coronary complications.8​

Eat right & exercise regularly​

Your food choices matter a lot when you've got diabetes.9 Eat something every 2½ to 3 hours and main meals no longer than 4 - 5 hours apart.9 Regular physical exercise is equally important to maintain normal blood sugar levels, but avoid exercising if your blood sugar levels are too high or too low.9,10,11​

Shed those extra pounds​

Obesity is one of the most crucial mitigating factors of diabetes. Obesity also causes your cholesterol levels to skyrocket, increasing the chances of heart disease.12,13


  1. Available from: https://diabetes.org/diabetes/a1c/diagnosis as accessed on 14th November, 2022​
  2. Available from: https://diabetes.org/diabetes as accessed on 14th November, 2022​
  3. Rhee MK, Slocum W, Ziemer DC, et.al. Patient Adherence Improves Glycemic Control. The Diabetes EDUCATOR..2005.31(2):240-250​
  4. Currie CJ, Peyrot M, Morgan CLI, et.al. The Impact of Treatment Noncompliance on Mortality in People With Type 2 Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2012 Jun; 35(6): 1279-1284.​
  5. Available from: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/health-topics/kidney-disease/kidney-disease-of-diabetes/Pages/facts.aspx Accessed on 10 November, 2022​
  6. https://diabetes.org/diabetes/type-2 and https://diabetes.org/healthy-living/weight-loss as accessed on 14th November, 2022​
  7. Available from: https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/conditionsandtreatments/diabetes-and-kidney-failure Accessed on 10 November, 2022​
  8. Available from: http://www.heart.org/HEARTORG/Conditions/Diabetes/WhyDiabetesMatters/CholesterolAbnormalitiesDiabetes_
    UCM_313868_Article.jsp#.VYuICF97IU Accessed on 10 November, 2022​
  9. Available from: http://www.diabetes.org.nz/living_well_with_diabetes/living_with_type_1_diabetes/food Accessed on 10 November, 2022 (not opening)​
  10. Available from: https://www.webmd.com/diabetes/diabetic-food-list-best-worst-foods as accessed on 14th November, 2022​
  11. Available from: http://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/diabetes/in-depth/diabetes-management/art-20047963 Accessed on 15 November, 2022​
  12. Eckel RH, Kahn SE, Ferrannini E, et al. Obesity and type 2 diabetes: what can be unified and what needs to be individualized? J ClinEndocrinolMetab. 2011;96(6):1654–1663.3 ​
  13. Available from: http://www.cdc.gov/cholesterol/behavior.htm as accessed on 14th November, 2022 (not opening)​

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